HiAP Aspirational Goals
The Health in All Policies program works in a range of topical areas, but generally groups the work into six topic areas, described below.
The Healthy Communities Data & Indicators Project (HCI) provides a standardized set of statistical measures, data, and tools that a broad array of sectors can use for planning healthy communities and evaluating the impact of plans, projects, policy, and environmental changes on community health. HCI is based on the Health in All Policies Task Force Healthy Communities Framework. Learn more about how to use these indicators.
Healthy Public Policy
While healthy communities are shaped by local policies and programs, those are greatly influenced by decisions made at the state level. The state creates and interprets laws, develops guidance for local and regional planning, administers grants to local communities, and makes a variety of decisions that impact the health, equity, and sustainability of communities across California. The HiAP Task Force sees this as an opportunity to promote health, equity, and sustainability, and seeks to embed these considerations in government decision-making, data collection, grant-making, and guidance processes and documents.
Community Safety through Violence Prevention
Violence prevention is a complex continuum of strategies, but to be effective, violence prevention must take into account the underlying root causes and risk factors such as poverty, alcohol and substance abuse, urban disinvestment. Furthermore, there is an increasing recognition among California agencies that they cannot accomplish their goals of promoting public health, supporting infill and transit-oriented development, and increasing walking, bicycling, and use of public transit without addressing crime, violence, and fear of violence in communities.
Parks, Urban Greening, and Places to be Active
Parks and urban greening have a wide range of health, economic, and environmental benefits. In addition to trees providing shady, pleasant places to engage in physical activity and active transportation, urban forests can lead to improved feelings of safety, which can benefit health either directly or indirectly through an increase in physical activity or social interaction. Nature can be particularly beneficial to children, supporting the development of the senses, encouraging creativity, improving concentration, and providing restorative rehabilitation to children that are mentally or physically ill.
Active transportation can reduce the risk of heart disease, improve mental health, lower blood pressure, and reduce risk of overweight and obesity through increased physical activity. Active transportation can also support greenhouse gas and air pollution reduction goals.
Poor diet is one of the leading causes of death in the United States and in California. Diets high in processed, high calorie, low-nutrient food and low in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contribute to obesity and overweight, heart disease, high blood pressure, cancer, and musculoskeletal disorders., Healthy and location-efficient food procurement policies are a powerful way for the State to leverage its immense buying-power as a tool for supporting healthy food and a local agricultural economy, while serving as a model for local agencies and organizations. Farm to Fork strategies make it easier for institutions (e.g., schools) to purchase locally-grown produce, thereby increasing access to healthy foods, preserving regional agricultural lands, and supporting a sustainable local economy
Healthy Housing and Indoor Spaces
Healthy housing is influenced by housing location, conditions, maintenance, design, location and affordability. The location and design of housing can increase social interaction and provide economic opportunity. Housing location also affects access to resources such as parks, recreation, grocery stores with healthy food, jobs, schools, and other community necessities. By impacting access, housing location then influences peoples behaviors such as physical activity, healthy eating, and method of transportation, which in turn impact health.